Morphological and Livelihood Profiling of Hipophae rhamnoide | 55678

Журнал биологии и современного мира

ISSN - 2322-3308


Morphological and Livelihood Profiling of Hipophae rhamnoides from Yarkhoon Valley Chitral Pakistan: A Climate Change Perspective

Sadiq Ali and Tehmina

Delicious Sea buckthorn Hippophae rahmnoides belongs to the family Elaeagnaceae. It’s wildly grown in Gilgit-Baltistan and Chitral, China, being the largest producer of sea buckthorn contributes 90% of the total global production. It is indigenous to Europe and some northern regions of Asia. The world’s second-largest sea buckthorn resources are the Himalayan region of India. There is no record found of Sea buckthorn production in Pakistan. The study conducted in Yarkhoon valley revealed that it has the least contribution to the economy. Study shows that 67.9% of sea buckthorn grows mostly in a wild area, 51% in the gravel area and 39% prefer to grow in a semi-arid area. Almost 71% of water resources of sea buck thorn-covered by man. According to 89.7% of the population, the maximum age of sea buckthorn is twenty. Berries are used for asthma, control blood pressure, diabetes, anti-aging, hepatitis, and paralysis. The decrease in flooding caused by rain 78%, snowmelt 84.4%, glacier 84.4%, flash 90.8%, GLOF 85.3%, and avalanches 76.1%. The change in wildlife was 92.6% and only 7.3% observed no changes. Hierarchical clustering analysis revealed that there is great diversity across varieties. Based on the color of berries of sea buckthorn in Mastuj there are five varieties including orange code 024A, red code 033A, yellow code 012A, orange-red code 033B, and yellow-orange code 015A based on RHS coloring.